Article

The nation under threat: secularist, racial and populist nativism in the Netherlands

Open access article in Patterns of Prejudice by Josip Kešić & Jan Willem Duyvendak.

“Right-wing discourses and issues of belonging and collective identity in Europe’s political and public spheres are often analysed in terms of Islamophobia, racism and populism. While acknowledging the value of these concepts, Kešić and Duyvendak argue that these discourses can be better understood through the logic of nativism. Their article opens with a conceptual clarification of nativism, which they define as an intense opposition to an internal minority that is seen as a threat to the nation due to its ‘foreignness’. This is followed by the analysis of nativism’s three subtypes: secularist nativism, problematizing particularly Islam and Muslims; racial nativism, problematizing black minorities; and populist nativism, problematizing ‘native’ elites. The authors show that the logic of nativism offers the advantages of both analytical precision and scope. The article focuses on the Dutch case as a specific illustration of a broader European trend.”

Read the open access article on Taylor & Francis online

Zeven vragen die elke protagonist van menging zou moeten stellen

Artikel op Sociale Vraagstukken door Reinout Kleinhans, Lex Veldboer, Jan Willem Duyvendak

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Sociale menging is een voortdurend terugkerend thema in stedelijk beleid. Het politieke en maatschappelijke debat hierover verloopt moeizaam, omdat verschillende interpretaties van het begrip voortdurend over elkaar heen buitelen. Om meer scherpte te creëren, zou elke protagonist in het mengingsdebat zichzelf én anderen zeven vragen moeten stellen.

Super-Diversity in Everyday Life

Special Issue Ethnic and Racial Studies coming soon

In the introduction to this special issue, we consider a number of questions central to the study of super-diversity in urban contexts in Western Europe and the United States. We begin with a discussion of why the super-diversity concept has had more impact on scholarship in Western Europe than the United States, where it has had much less resonance. We explore the nature and effects of super-diversity for ongoing social relations in everyday life, considering both the positive and negative consequences. And we conclude with a consideration of some unfulfilled promises of super-diversity, including integrating the dimension of power into the analyses as well as finding ways to examine the many bases and intersections of different forms of diversity, while at the same time not downplaying the role of continued and long-term inequalities, such as race and class, that typically remain of primary importance in super-diverse settings.

Read the full introduction from Guest Editors; Nancy Foner, Jan Willem Duyvendak and Philip Kasinitz

Decentralisaties bedreigen democratie, professionaliteit en solidariteit

Meerjarig onderzoek over de stand van de participatiesamenleving, vijf jaar nadat de Koning deze uitriep.

Het boek De verhuizing van de verzorgingsstaat is het eerste grote en meerjarige kwalitatieve onderzoek naar de decentralisaties die in 2015 van kracht werden: van de jeugdzorg, de participatiewet en de langdurige zorg. Het boek bevat onder meer bijdragen van Femmianne Bredewold, Jan Willem Duyvendak, Thomas Kampen, Evelien Tonkens en Loes Verplanke.

In de media

The Rise of Nativism in Europe

“Although published in 1955 with the United States between 1860 and 1925 as its object of analysis, Higham’s book proves to be useful for the purpose of understanding nativist politics in contemporary Europe. First, his definition is useful (“intense opposition to an internal minority on the ground of its foreign […] connections.” (2011: 4) because it is more specific than the terms “nationalism” or “xenophobia.” Second, his definition includes the possibility of framing ‘native’ elites as a national threat (they are “native” yet “foreign” –so not “truly native”- to the nation at the same time). Last, his threefold subcategorization of nativism appears to be productive for many European cases. Inspired by Higham, for the Dutch context we distinguish between three subtypes of nativism, all revolving around the perceived threat of the nation, yet with varying emphasis: 1) religious nativism, problematizing Islam and Muslims; 2) class nativism, problematizing the ‘native’ elites seen as a threat to national identity, and 3) racial nativism, problematizing Black anti-racism.”

Read the article with Josip Kesic in Europe Now

Ook in de zorg is ‘thuis’ een magische belofte geworden

 

“Onder de noemer Is nabij beter? organiseert de Nederlandse Sociologische Vereniging (NSV) vandaag een actualiteitencollege over de decentralisaties in de zorg. ‘De overheid heeft besloten dat ‘oost west, thuis best’ is’, constateert hoogleraar sociologie en NSV-voorzitter Jan Willem Duyvendak in zijn bijdrage. Maar achter die ogenschijnlijke huiselijkheid gaat juist verstatelijking schuil.”

Lezen op Sociale Vraagstukken

‘Verzorgingsstaten maken mensen solidair’

De belangrijkste zin in de fraaie oratie van Monique Kremer is, wat mij betreft, ‘Verzorgingsstaten maken mensen solidair’. Solidariteit is dus niet iets wat som‐ mige mensen wel hebben of voelen en anderen niet. Het is de context die maakt of mensen wel of niet solidair handelen. Burgers zijn in verzorgingsstaten solidair met volstrekte onbekenden, vandaar dat we wel spreken van anonieme solidari‐ teit. Voor sommigen (vooral veel economen) is dat een onbegrijpelijk mirakel, maar Kremer weet zich in goed gezelschap van sociologen die hebben laten zien hoe verzorgingsstaten ‘werken’: mensen hoeven zich niet a priori verbonden te weten, noch hoeven ze andere burgers bij voorbaat als gelijkgezinden te herken‐ nen, maar door de werking van de verzorgingsstaat worden burgers medeburgers. Ze blijven weliswaar anonieme anderen, maar ook daarmee kun je je voldoende verbonden weten om zonder veel weerstand grote delen van je salaris af te dragen aan premies en belastingen, in ruil voor zekerheid. Lees verder.

The “migrant with poor prospects”: racialized intersections of class and culture in Dutch civic integration debates

Saskia Bonjour & Jan Willem Duyvendak in Ethnic and Racial Studies (open access)

KEYWORDS: Civic integration, class, racialization, immigration policy, Netherlands, political discourse

The recent trend towards selective immigration policies is based on the racialization of certain categories of migrants into irretrievably unassimilable Others. In Europe, this trend has materialized largely through the application of integration requirements to the immigration of foreigners, the so-called “civic integration turn”. Based on an analysis of parliamentary debates about civic integration policies in the Netherlands, this paper asks which migrants are considered likely or unlikely to integrate based on which presumed characteristics. We find that Dutch civic integration policies aim at barring “migrants with poor prospects”. In sharp contrast with a long history of Dutch social policies, politicians deny state responsibility for migrants’ emancipation based on a discursive racialization of these migrants as unassimilable. While class has hitherto been largely ignored in the literature on migration and the politics of belonging, we show that class, intersecting with culture and gender, is key in this process of racialization. READ

Understanding governmental activism

Imrat Verhoeven & Jan Willem Duyvendak in Social Movement Studies (open access)

This article seeks to understand an understudied phenomenon: governmental players joining forces with non-governmental players in contentious actions against policies they want to prevent or redress. This behaviour, which we call ‘governmental activism’, problematizes important assumptions in the social movement literature on state–SMO dichotomies and on seeing ‘the state’ as a homogeneous and unified actor that solely provides the context for SMO activities. Governmental activism also problematizes assumptions on cooperation and ‘new’ modes of coordination in the governance literature. To understand governmental activism, we build on the strategic interaction perspective from social movement studies and on third-phase institutionalism from political science. In our analysis, we show the particulars of governmental activism. Our arguments are illustrated by empirical material on a case of municipal amalgamation in the Netherlands. READ